Friday, 8 April 2022

The great undoing, called, 'I know'!

UNLEARNING,the human equivalent of Computer formatting!


Life is a never ending process of learning unless one refuses to learn and is repugnant to the basic human instinct about learning. My experience says, this repugnance too is all pervading that plagues certain segments . Especially legal segment is one but is not without exceptions. I have a couple of examples of exception. We had a hard working sub judge while the world was celebrating the turn of the century. He graced the court room just opposite the DBA. I was conducting a complicated civil matter in that court. After a few sessions of arguments at length, the P.O asked me to pause for a while. I complied. He told me in open court in presence of the other side that he had a long innings doing criminal matters, so much so that he could scan a record without detailed perusal but he was weak on the civil side. He clarified that even though he was technically weak, his strength lay in his discerning sense. You can not take me for a ride. He said he knew what and how to elicit what so as to distinguish logic from sophistry. He asked me to be transparent as regards legal provisions I banked upon in applying it to my facts.

I did. 

The case was decided in more optimum manner than I could have imagined, in that if I had got my full relief, my interest elsewhere would have suffered. If I was refused wholly, I would have been in disarray. What was adjudicated was neither. It was आधा तीतर आधा बटेर, neither side sought nor could have sought. It was exactly that adjudication which  delivered best justice in that exact manner as would have contained even a Shylock.

A couple of years later, I happened to meet the judge in a function at Patna close to which he had his posting. I told him about his feat, wondering how could he say he was weak on the civil side.

His reply is the moral of the anecdote. 

He said, he was still weak on the civil side but was equally strong in the art of unlearning. He explained, the greatest weakness of a civil practitioner including a judge was that he thought 'he knew'. The audacity which the term ,'I know', carries, is a forbidding factor, that takes away one's inbuilt instinct of learning with an open mind. 

And you can't have an open mind unless you have mastered one little known craft. That's the craft of 'unlearning'.  

18 years have rolled  by, making most of us computer savvy. And most of us know what  formatting means with respect to a computer system. Once your computer program turns irreparable , you may learn what formatting means , else your system turns into an idiot box , good for nothing. That's exactly what happens to our mind, once formatting is necessitated . In human condition, unlearning is the synonym for the computer language, called 'formatting'.

Thursday, 2 September 2021


Failures are stepping stones, not impediments!

Failures accost one only to usher the failed into pavements that ultimately lead to the cherished goals  in life. Once success is achieved, we tend to forget the power which motivated it at the outset - 'failure'!

Sunday, 8 August 2021


क्या कहा?

मोदी देश को बेच रहे हैं?

और कांग्रेस देश के लिए खरीद रही थी?

देखें, सच क्या है।

आज जो #निजी_क्षेत्र के ३ सबसे बड़े बैंक है, यानी ICICI बैंक,  HDFC बैंक, और AXIS बैंक - यह तीनों कभी सरकारी बैंक हुआ करती थी, लेकिन पी.वी नरसिम्हा राव सरकार में वित्त मंत्री रहे डॉ.मनमोहन सिंह ने इन्हें बेच दिया!

ICICI का पूरा नाम था इंडस्ट्रियल क्रेडिट एंड इन्वेस्टमेंट कारपोरेशन ऑफ़ इंडिया! यह भारत सरकार की ऐसी संस्था थी, जो बड़े उद्योगों को ऋण देती थी!

एक झटके में वित्त मंत्री डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने इसका डिसइनवेस्टमेंट करके, इसे प्राइवेट बना दिया, और इसका नाम और ICICI बैंक हो गया!

आज जो HDFC बैंक है, उसका पूरा नाम हाउसिंग डेवलपमेंट कारपोरेशन ऑफ़ इंडिया था! यह भारत सरकार की एक ऐसी संस्था हुआ करती थी, जो मध्यम वर्ग के नागरिकों को सस्ते ब्याज पर होम लोन देने का काम करती थी!

नरसिम्हा राव सरकार में वित्त मंत्री रहे डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने कहा, "सरकार का काम केवल गवर्नेंस करना है, होम लोन बेचना नहीं है!"

डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह  इसे आवश्यक कदम बताते हैं, और कहते हैं, "सरकार का काम केवल सरकार चलाना है, बैंक चलाना, या लोन देना नहीं है!"

और एक झटके में वित्त मंत्री डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने HDFC बैंक को बेच दिया! और यह निजी क्षेत्र का बैंक बन गया!

इसी तरह की बेहद दिलचस्प कहानी AXIS बैंक की है!

भारत सरकार की एक संस्था हुआ करती थी, उसका नाम था यूनिट ट्रस्ट ऑफ इंडिया! यह संस्था लघु बचत को बढ़ावा देने के लिए बनाई गई थी! यानी आप इसमें छोटी-छोटी रकम जमा कर सकते थे!

नरसिम्हा राव सरकार में वित्त मंत्री डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने कहा, "सरकार का काम चिटफंड की स्कीम चलाना नहीं है!"

और एक झटके में इसे बेच दिया गया! पहले इसका नाम UTI बैंक हुआ, और बाद में इसका नाम AXIS बैंक हो गया!

इसी तरह आज IDBI बैंक है, जो एक प्राइवेट बैंक है! एक समय में यह भारत सरकार की संस्था हुआ करती थी, जिसका नाम था इंडस्ट्रियल डेवलपमेंट कारपोरेशन ऑफ़ इंडिया! इसका भी काम उद्योगों को ऋण देना था! लेकिन डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने इसे भी बेच दिया! और आज यह निजी बैंक बन गया है!

अपनी याददाश्त को कमजोर न होने दें कभी!

डिसइनवेस्टमेंट पॉलिसी को भारत में कौन लाया था? जरा सर्च कर लो!

जब नरसिम्हा राव के समय में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह वित्त मंत्री थे, तब डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने संसद में कहा था, "मैक्सिमम गवर्नमेंट, लेस गवर्नेंस!"

उन्होंने कहा था, कि "सरकार का काम व्यवसाय (धंधा) करना नहीं, सरकार का काम गवर्नेंस देना है! ऐसा वातावरण देना है, कि देश के नागरिक यह सब काम कर सकें!"

डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने ही सबसे पहले "टोल टैक्स पॉलिसी" लाई थी! यानी "निजी कंपनियों द्वारा सड़क बनाओ, और उन कंपनियों को टोल टैक्स वसूलने की अनुमति दो!"

डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने "सबसे पहले एयरपोर्ट के निजी करण" को आरंभ करवाया था, और सबसे पहला दिल्ली का "इंदिरा गांधी एयरपोर्ट" को जी.एम.आर ग्रुप को व्यवसायिक स्वरूप से चलाने के लिए दिया गया!

आज चम्पक उछल-उछल कर नाच-नाच कर, बेसुर राग गाता फिर रहा है, "मोदी ने अपने मित्रों में बेच दिया!"

डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह करें तो - विनिवेश!और मोदी करें तो - देश को बेचा!!

 २००९-१० में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने ५ सरकारी कंपनियां बेचीं!

१. HPC Ltd.;

२. OIL - ऑयल इंडिया लिमिटेड;

३. NTPC - नेशनल थर्मल पावर कॉर्पोरेशन;

४. REC - ग्रामीण विद्युतीकरण निगम;

५. NMDC - राष्ट्रीय खनिज विकास निगम!

 २०१०-११ में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने ६ सरकारी कंपनियाँ और बेचीं!

१. SJVN - सतलुज जल विद्युत निगम लिमिटेड;

२. EIL - इंजीनियर्स इंडिया लिमिटेड;

३. CIL - कोल इंडिया लिमिटेड;

४. PGCIL - पावर ग्रिड कॉर्पोरेशन ऑफ इंडिया;

५. MOIL - मैंगनीज ऑर इंडिया लिमिटेड;

६. SCI - शिपिंग कॉर्पोरेशन ऑफ इंडिया!

२०११-१२ में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने २ सरकारी कंपनियाँ और बेचीं!

१. PFC - पावर फाइनेंस कॉर्पोरेशन;

२. ONGC - तेल और प्राकृतिक गैस निगम!

२०१२-१३ में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने बेचीं और ८ सरकारी कंपनियां!

१. SAIL - भारतीय इस्पात प्राधिकरण लिमिटेड;

२. NALCO - नेशनल एल्युमीनियम कंपनी लिमिटेड;

३. RCF - राष्ट्रीय रसायन और उर्वरक;

४. NTPC - नेशनल थर्मल पावर कॉर्पोरेशन;

५. OIL - ऑयल इंडिया लिमिटेड;

६. NMDC - राष्ट्रीय खनिज विकास निगम;

७. HCL - हिंदुस्तान कॉपर लिमिटेड;

 ८.  एनबीसीसी!

 २०१३-१४ में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने १२ और सरकारी कंपनियां बेचीं!

१. NHPC - नेशनल हाइड्रो-इलेक्ट्रिक पावर कॉर्पोरेशन;

२. BHEL - भारत हेवी इलेक्ट्रिकल्स लिमिटेड;

३. EIL - इंजीनियर्स इंडिया लिमिटेड;

४. NMDC - राष्ट्रीय खनिज विकास निगम;

५. CPSE - सीपीएसई-एक्सचेंज ट्रेडेड फंड;

६. PGCI - पावर ग्रिड कॉर्पोफ़ इंडिया लिमिटेड;

७. NFL - राष्ट्रीय उर्वरक लिमिटेड;

८. MMTC - धातु और खनिज व्यापार निगम;

९. HCL - हिंदुस्तान कॉपर लिमिटेड;

१०. ITDC - भारतीय पर्यटन विकास निगम;

११. STC - स्टेट ट्रेडिंग कॉर्पोरेशन;

१२. NLC - नेयवेली लिग्नाइट कॉर्पोरेशन लिमिटेड!

  इन सभी का प्रमाण भी है...

 १. वित्त मंत्रालय, केंद्र सरकार के द्वारा, "निवेश और सार्वजनिक संपत्ति प्रबंधन" विभाग की आधिकारिक वेबसाइट पर जाएँ -इन

२. सबसे पहले Dis-Investment पर क्लिक करें! इसके बाद Past Dis-Investment पर क्लिक करें!

 ३. पोस्ट में दिए गए सभी जानकारियाँ (डेटा) वहां उपलब्ध हैं!

यह पोस्ट उन नागरिकों की आँखे खोलने के लिए किया है, जो सोचते हैं कि मोदी देश को बेच रहे हैं! मोदी देश को बेच रहे हैं, तो डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह पहले ही देश को बेच चुके हैं!

आपकी भाषा में डॉ. मनमोहन सिंह ने २००९-१४ में ५ वर्षों में २६ सरकारी कंपनियों को बेचा ।



Saturday, 7 August 2021

Try reading if exhaustion doesn't forbid!

 I challenge you to read till the last line


If you cannot read. Just scroll down to be *shocked!*



1. Rajiv Gandhi Gold Cup Kabaddi Tournament

2. Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Run

3. Rajiv Gandhi Federation Cup boxing championship

4. Rajiv Gandhi International tournament (football)

5. NSCI – Rajiv Gandhi road races, New Delhi

6. Rajiv Gandhi Boat Race, Kerala

7. Rajiv Gandhi International Artistic Gymnastic Tournament

8. Rajiv Gandhi Kabbadi Meet

9. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Roller Skating Championship

10. Rajiv Gandhi memorial marathon race, New Delhi

11. Rajiv Gandhi International Judo Championship, Chandigarh

12. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Trophy for the Best College, Calicut

13. Rajiv Gandhi Rural Cricket Tournament, Initiated by Rahul Gandhi in Amethi

14. Rajiv Gandhi Gold Cup (U-21), football

15. Rajiv Gandhi Trophy (football)

16. Rajiv Gandhi Award for Outstanding Sportspersons

17. All India Rajiv Gandhi Basketball (Girls) Tournament, organized by Delhi State

18. All India Rajiv Gandhi Wrestling Gold Cup, organized by Delhi State

19. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Jhopadpatti Football Tournament, Rajura

20. Rajiv Gandhi International Invitation Gold Cup Football Tournament, Jamshedpur

21. Rajiv Gandhi Mini Olympics, Mumbai

22. Rajiv Gandhi Beachball Kabaddi Federation

23. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Trophy Prerana Foundation

24. International Indira Gandhi Gold Cup Tournament

25. Indira Gandhi International Hockey Tournament

26. Indira Gandhi Boat Race

27. Jawaharlal Nehru International Gold Cup Football Tournament

28. Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Tournament


*Stadium* :

1. Indira Gandhi Sports Complex, Delhi

2. Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium, New Delhi

3. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi

4. Rajiv Gandhi Sports Stadium, Bawana

5. Rajiv Gandhi National Football Academy, Haryana

6. Rajiv Gandhi AC Stadium, Vishakhapatnam

7. Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Pondicherry

8. Rajiv Gandhi Stadium, Nahariagun, Itanagar

9. Rajiv Gandhi Badminton Indoor Stadium, Cochin

10. Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavanthra,Ernakulam

11. Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex , Singhu

12. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Sports Complex, Guwahati

13. Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium, Hyderabad

14. Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Cochin

15. Indira Gandhi Stadium, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh

16. Indira Gandhi Stadium, Una, Himachal Pradesh

17. Indira Priyadarshini Stadium, Vishakhapatnam

18. Indira Gandhi Stadium, Deogarh, Rajasthan

19. Gandhi Stadium, Bolangir, Orissa

20. Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium, Coimbatore

21. Rajiv Gandhi international cricket stadium,Dehradun

22. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Chennai

23. Nehru Stadium(cricket), Pune

                                                     *Airports/ Ports* :

1. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Shamshabad, Hyderabad, Telangana

2. Rajiv Gandhi Container Terminal, Cochin

3. Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi

4. Indira Gandhi Dock, Mumbai

5. Jawaharlal Nehru Nava Sheva Port Trust, Mumbai

Universities/Education Institutes:

1. Rajiv Gandhi Indian Institute of Management, Shilong

2. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Aeronautics, Ranchi, Jharkhand

3. Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Gandhi Nagar, Bhopal, M.P.

4. Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, Kharagpur, Kolkata

5. Rajiv Gandhi Aviation Academy, Secundrabad

6. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala, Punjab

7. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development, Tamil Nadu Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

Budgetary Allocation 2008-09 – 1.50 crore

Budgetary Allocation 2009-10 – 3.00 crore

8. Rajiv Gandhi Aviation Academy, Begumpet, Hyderabad, A.P

9. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Kottayam, Kerala

10. Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering Research & Technology, Chandrapur, Maharashtra

11. Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Airoli, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

12. Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh

13. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Chola Nagar, Bangalore, Karnataka

14. Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Gandhi Nagar, Bhopal, M.P.

15. Rajiv Gandhi D.e.d. College, Latur, Maharashtra

16. Rajiv Gandhi College, Shahpura, Bhopal

17. Rajiv Gandhi Foundation, Rajiv Gandhi Institute for Contemporary Studies, New Delhi

18. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Raebareli, U.P.

19. Rajiv Gandhi Homeopathic Medical College, Bhopal, M.P.

20. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Post Graduate Studies, East Godavari District, A.P.

21. Rajiv Gandhi College of Education, Thumkur, Karnataka

22. Rajiv Gandhi College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu

23. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of IT and Biotechnology, Bhartiya Vidhyapeeth

24. Rajiv Gandhi High School, Mumbai, Maharashtra

25. Rajiv Gandhi Group of Institutions, Satna, M.P.

26. Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu

27. Rajiv Gandhi Biotechnology Centre, R.T.M., Nagpur University

28. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

29. Rajiv Gandhi Mahavidyalaya, Madhya Pradesh

30. Rajiv Gandhi Post Graduate College, Allahabad, U.P.

31. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Bangalore, Karnataka

32. Rajiv Gandhi Govt. PG Ayurvedic College, Poprola, Himachal Pradesh

33. Rajiv Gandhi College, Satna, M.P.

34. Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, HB GB HDD gv gv c dc fc Kerala

35. Rajiv Gandhi Madhyamic Vidyalaya, Maharashtra

36. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Contemporary Studies, New Delhi

37. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

38. Rajiv Gandhi Industrial Training Centre, Gandhinagar

39. Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Andhra Pradesh

40. Rajiv Gandhi Institute Of Distance Education, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

41. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture , Tamil Nadu

42. Rajiv Gandhi University (Arunachal University), A.P.

43. Rajiv Gandhi Sports Medicine Centre (RGSMC), Kerala

44. Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre, Mauritus

45. Rajiv Gandhi Kala Mandir, Ponda, Goa

46. Rajiv Gandhi Vidyalaya, Mulund, Mumbai

47. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Polytechnic, Bangalore, Karnataka

48. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Circle Telecom Training Centre (India), Chennai

49. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Pharmacy, Kasagod, Kerala

50. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial College Of Aeronautics, Jaipur

51. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial First Grade College, Shimoga

52. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial College of Education, Jammu & Kashmir

53. Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Barkacha, Varanasi

54. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Teacher’s Training College, Jharkhand

55. Rajiv Gandhi Degree College, Rajahmundry, A.P.

56. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi

57. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development & Research, Mumbai, Maharashtra

58. Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy, Dehradun

59. Indira Gandhi RashtriyaUran Akademi, Fursatganj Airfield, Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh

60. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai

61. Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Orissa

62. Indira Gandhi B.Ed. College, Mangalore

63. Smt. Indira Gandhi College of Education, Nanded, Maharashtra

64. Indira Gandhi Balika Niketan B.ED. College, Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan

65. Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

66. Smt. Indira Gandhi College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

67. Smt. Indira Gandhi Colelge, Tiruchirappalli

68. Indira Gandhi Engineering College, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

69. Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Kashmere Gate, Delhi

70. Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Sarang, Dist. Dhenkanal, Orissa

71. Indira Gandhi Institute of Aeronautics, Pune, Maharashtra

72. Indira Gandhi Integral Education Centre, New Delhi

73. Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education & Sports Sciences, Delhi University, Delhi

74. Indira Gandhi High School, Himachal

75. Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya, Chhattisgarh

76. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla

77. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Andhra Pradesh

78. Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarakashi

79. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Business Management, Vikram University

80. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

81. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore

82. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, AP

83. Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College in Aurangabad, Maharashtra

84. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for advanced Scientific Research, a deemed university, Jakkur, P.O. Bangalore

85. Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Social Studies, affiliated to Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapith (Pune, Maharashtra)

86. Jawaharlal Nehru College of Aeronautics & Applied Sciences, Coimbatore, (ESTD 1968)

87. Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Technology, Katraj, Dhankwdi, Pune, Maharashtra

88. Kamal Kishore Kadam’s Jawaharlal Nehru Engineering College in Aurangabad, Maharashtra

89. Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Education & Technological Research, Nanded, Maharashra

90. Jawaharlal Nehru College, Aligarh

91. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad

92. Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur

93. Jawaharlal Nehru B.Ed. College, Kota, Rajasthan

94. Jawaharlal Nehru P.G. College, Bhopal

95. Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, Sundernagar, District Mandi, H.P.

96. Jawaharlal Nehru Public School, Kolar Road, Bhopal

97. Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, A.P.

98. Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Technology, Ibrahimpatti, Andhra Pradesh

99. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

598 JNVs across India as of 2015–16

696. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya

697. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam

698. Indira gandhi university rewari Haryana


1. Rajiv Gandhi Award for Outstanding Achievement

2. Rajiv Gandhi Shiromani Award

3. Rajiv Gandhi Shramik Awards, Delhi Labour Welfare Board

4. Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award

5. Rajiv Gandhi Manav Seva Award

6. Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Conservation Award

7. Rajiv Gandhi National Award Scheme for Original Book Writing on Gyan Vigyan

8. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award

9. Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award, Instituted by Bureau of Indian Standards in 1991

10. Rajiv Gandhi Environment Award for Clean Gandhi, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

11. Rajiv Gandhi Travelling Scholarship

12. Rajiv Gandhi(UK) Foundation Scholarship

13. Rajiv Gandhi Film Awards (Mumbai)

14. Rajiv Gandhi Khelratna Puraskar

15. Rajiv Gandhi Parisara Prashasti, Karnataka

16. RajivGandhi Vocational Excellence Awards

17. Rajiv Gandhi Excellence award

18. Indira Gandhi Peace Prize

19. Indira Gandhi Prize for National Integration

20. Indira Gandhi Priyadarshini Award

21. Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Awards, Ministry of Environment and Forests

22. Indira Gandhi Memorial National Award forBest Environmental & Ecological

23. Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Purashkar

24. Indira Gandhi NSS Award

25. Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration

26. Indira Gandhi Official Language Award Scheme

27. Indira Gandhi Award for Best First Film

28. Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Awards for The Town Official Language

29. Indira Gandhi Prize” for Peace, Disarmament and Development

30. Indira Gandhi Prize for Popularization of Science Implementation

31. Indira Gandhi Shiromani Award

32. Indira Gandhi NSS Award/National Youth

33. Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Pushar award – search n correct

34. Indira Gandhi N.S.S Awards

35. Indira Gandhi award for social service, MP Govt.

36. Post Graduate Indira Gandhi Scholarship Scheme

37. Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Award Scheme

38. Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Shield Scheme

39. Indira Gandhi Vision of Wildlife Conservation Zoo, a seminar organized by Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy.

40. Jawaharlal Nehru award for International peace worth Rs 15 lakh cash given to many international figures, every year, including Yasser Arafat of Palestine Liberation Front in 1988 and U Thant in 1965.

41. Soviet Land Nehru Award, a cash prize of Rs. 20,000 given to Shyam Benegal in Dec 89, in recognition of the above film.

42. Jawaharlal Nehru Balkalyan awards of Rs.10,000 each to 10 couples by Govt. of Maharashtra (ToI-28-4-89).

43. Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, New Delhi, for Academic Achievement

44. Jawaharlal Nehru birth centenary research award for energy

45. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding

46. Nehru Bal Samiti Bravery Awards

47. Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Medal

48. Jawaharlal Nehru Prize” from 1998-99, to be given to organizations (preferably NGOs) for Popularization of Science.

49. Jawaharlal Nehru National Science Competition

50. Jawarharlal Nehru Student Award for research project of evolution of DNA


*Scholarship / Fellowship:*

1. Rajiv Gandhi Scholarship Scheme for Students with Disabilities

2. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme for SC/ST Candidates, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

3. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme for ST Candidates

4. Rajiv Gandhi Fellowship, IGNOU

5. Rajiv Gandhi Science Talent Research Fellows

6. Rajiv Gandhi Fellowship, Ministry of Tribal Affairs

7. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes candidates given by University Grants Commission

8. Rajiv Gandhi Fellowship sponsored by the Commonwealth of Learning in association with Indira Gandhi National Open University

9. Rajiv Gandhi science talent research fellowship given by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for advanced scientific research (to promote budding scientists) done in tandem with Department of Science and Technology and Rajiv Gandhi Foundation

10. Rajiv Gandhi HUDCO Fellowships in the Habitat Sector 

11. Indira Gandhi Memorial Fellowships check

12. Fullbright scholarship now renamed Fullbright- Jawaharlal Nehru Scholarship

13. Cambridge Nehru Scholarships, 10 in number, for research at Cambridge University, London, leading to Ph. D. for 3 years, which include fee, maintenance allowance, air travel to UK and back.

14. Scheme of Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowships for Post-graduate Studies, Govt. of India.

15. Nehru Centenary (British) Fellowships/Awards


*National Parks/ Sanctuaries/ Museums*:

1. Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarhole) Wildlife Sanctury, Karnataka

2. Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctury, Andhra Pradesh

3. Indira Gandhi National Park, Tamil Nadu

4. Indira Gandhi Zoological Park , New Delhi

5. Indira Gandhi National Park, Anamalai Hills on Western Ghats

6. Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Vishakhapatnam

7. Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya (IGRMS)

8. Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, Pollachi

9. Rajiv Gandhi Health Museum

10. The Rajiv Gandhi Museum of Natural History

11. Indira Gandhi Memorial museum, New Delhi

12. Jawaharlal Nehru museum in Aurangabad, Maharashtra opened by state govt.

13. Jawaharlal Nehru memorial Gallery, London

14. Jawaharlal Nehru planetarium, Worli, Mumbai.

15. Jawaharlal Nehru National Science Exhibition for Children

                                            *Hospitals/Medical Institutions*:

1. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science, Bangalore, Karnataka

2. Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute & Research Centre, Delhi

3. Rajiv Gandhi Home for Handicapped, Pondicherry

4. Shri Rajiv Gandhi college of Dental… Science & Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka

5. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Bio Technology, Thiruvanthapuram, Kerala

6. Rajiv Gandhi College of Nursing, Bangalore, Karnataka

7. Rajiv Gandhi Super Specialty Hospital, Raichur

8. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Chest Diseases, Bangalore, Karnataka

9. Rajiv Gandhi Paramedical College, Jodhpur

10. Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Thane, Mumbai

11. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Pharmacy, Karnataka

12. Rajiv Gandhi Hospital, Goa

13. Rajiv Gandhi Mission on Community Health, Madhya Pradesh

14. Rajiv Gandhi Super Specialty Hospital, Delhi

15. Rajiv Gandhi Homoeaopathic Medical College, Chinar Park, Bhopal, M.P

16. North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health & Medical Sciences , Shilong, Meghalaya

17. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla

18. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bangalore

19. Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sheikhpura, Patna

20. The Indira Gandhi Paediatric Hospital, Afghanistan

21. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health Hospital, Dharmaram College, Bangalore

22. Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Heath, Bangalore

23. Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla

24. Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Science, Kerala

25. Indira Gandhi Memorial Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneshwar

26. Indira Gandhi Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur

27. Indira Gandhi Eye Hospital And Research Centre, Kolkata

28. Indira Gandhi Hospital, Shimla

29. Indira Gandhi Women and Children Hospital , Bhopla

30. Indira Gandhi Gas Relief hospital, Bhopal

31. Kamla Nehru Hospital, Shimla

32. Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya

33. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry

34. Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Bhopal

35. Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College in Raipur.

36. Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, New Delhi

37. Nehru, Science Centre, Worli, Mumbai

38. Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Bhopal

39. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Homoeopathic Medical Sciences, Maharashtra

40. Indira Gandhi hospital Dwarka, Delhi


*Institutions / Chairs / Festivals*:

1. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development. (RGNIYD), Ministry of Youth and Sports

2. Rajiv Gandhi National Ground Water Training & Research Institute, Faridabad, Haryana

3. Rajiv Gandhi Food Security Mission in Tribal Areas

4. Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development

5. Rajiv Gandhi Shiksha Mission, Chhattisgarh

6. Rajiv  Chair Endowment established in 1998 to create a Chair of South Asian Economics

7. Rajiv Gandhi Project – A pilot to provide Education thru Massive Satellite Connectivity up grassroot Level

8. Rajiv Gandhi Rural Housing Corporation Limited (Government of Karnataka Enterprise)

9. Rajiv Gandhi Information and Technology Commission

10. Rajiv Gandhi Chair for Peace and Disarmament

11. Rajiv Gandhi Music Festival

12. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Lecture

13. Rajiv Gandhi Akshay Urja Diwas

14. Rajiv Gandhi Education Foundation, Kerala

15. Rajiv Gandhi Panchayati Raj Convention

16. The Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Educational and Charitable Society, Kasagod,Kerala

17. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial trophy ekankika spardha, Prerana Foundation, Kari Road

18. Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, Janpath, New Delhi

19. Indira Gandhi Panchayati Raj & Gramin Vikas Sansthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan

20. Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam

21. Indira Gandhi Institute for Development and Research , Mumbai

22. Indira Gandhi Institute of Cardiology (IGIC), Patna

23. Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, New Delhi

24. Indira Gandhi National Foundation, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

25. Indira Gandhi Mahila Sahakari Soot Girani Ltd, Maharashtra

26. Indira Gandhi Conservation Monitoring Centre , Ministry of Environment & Forest

27. Post-Graduate Indira Gandhi Scholarship for Single Girl Child

28. Jawahar Shetkari Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd.

29. Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan

30. Jawaharlal Nehru Centenary celebrations

31. Postal stamps of different denominations and one Rupee coins in memory of Jawaharlal Nehru.

32. Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Trust (U.K.) Scholarships

33. Jawaharlal Nehru Custom House Nhava Sheva, Maharashtra

34. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for. Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore

35. Jawaharlal Nehru Cultural Centre, Embassy of India, Moscow

36. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Udyog Kendra for Juveniles, Pune, Maharastra

37. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru college of agriculture and research institute , Pondicherry



1. Rajiv Chowk, Delhi

2. Rajiv Gandhi Bhawan, Safdarjung, New Delhi

3. Rajiv Gandhi Handicrafts Bhawan, New Delhi

4. Rajiv Gandhi Park, Kalkaji, Delhi

5. Indira Chowk, New Delhi

6. Nehru Planetarium, New Delhi

7. Nehru Yuvak Kendra, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi

8. Nehru Nagar, New Delhi

9. Nehru Place, New Delhi

10. Nehru Park, New Delhi Nehru House, BSZ Marg, New Delhi

11. Jawaharlal Nehru Government House New Delhi

12. Rajiv Gandhi Renewable Energy Park, Gurgaon, Haryana

13. Rajiv Gandhi Chowk, Andheri, Mumbai

14. Indira Gandhi Road, Mumbai

15. Indira Gandhi Nagar, Wadala, Mumbai

16. Indira Gandhi Sports Complex, Mulund, Mumbai

17. Nehru Nagar, Kurla, Mumbai

18. Jawaharlal Nehru gardens at Thane, Mumbai

19. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Hall, Chennai

20. Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Vadapalani, Chennai, Tamilnadu

21. Rajiv Gandhi Salai (Old Mahabalipuram road named after Rajiv Gandhi)

22. Rajiv Gandhi Education City, Haryana

23. Mount Rajiv, a peak in Himalaya

24. Rajiv Gandhi IT Habitat, Goa

25. Rajiv Gandhi Nagar, Chennai

26. Rajiv Gandhi Park, Vijayawada

27. Rajiv Gandhi Nagar in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

28. Rajiv Gandhi Nagar, Trichy, Tamil Nadu

29. Rajiv Gandhi IT Park, Hinjewadi, Pune

30. Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Bhav , Palanpur Banaskantha

31. Rajiv Gandhi Chandigarh Technology Park, Chandigarh

32. Rajiv Gandhi Smriti Van, Jharkhand

33. Rajiv Gandhi statue, Panaji, Goa

34. Rajiv Gandhi Road, Chittoor

35. Rajiv Gandhi Memorial at Sriperumbudur

36. Indira Gandhi Memorial Library, University of Hyderabad

37. Indira Gandhi Musical Fountains, Bangalore

38. Indira Gandhi Planetarium , Lucknow

39. Indira Gandhi Centre for Indian Culture (IGCIC), High Commission of India, Mauritus

40. Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Eastern Ghats of India

41. Indira Gandhi Canal, Ramnagar, Jaisalmer

42. Indira Gandhi Industrial Complex, Ranipet, Vellore District

43. Indira Gandhi Park, Itanagar

44. Indira Gandhi Squiare , Pondicherry

45. Indira Gandhi Road, Willingdon Island, Cochin

46. Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden, Kashmir

47. Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam, Nagpur

48. Indira Gandhi bridge, Rameshvar, Tamil Nadu

49. Indira Gandhi Hospital, Bhiwandi Nizampur Municipal Corporation

50. Indira Gandhi memorial cultural Complex, UP Govt.

51. Indira Gandhi Sports Stadium, Rohru District, Shimla

52. Indira Gandhi Panchayati Raj Sansthan , Bhopal

53. Indira Gandhi Nagar, Rajasthan

54. Indira Nagar, Lucknow

55. Roads are named after Jawaharlal Nehru in many cities e.g. in Jaipur, Nagpur, Vile Parle, Ghatkopar, Mulund etc.

56. Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad

57. Jawaharlal Nehru Gardens, Ambarnath

58. Jawarharlal Nehru Gardens, Panhala

59. Jawaharlal Nehru market, Jammu.

60. Jawaharlal Nehru Tunnel on the Jammu Srinagar Highway

61. Nehru Chowk, Ulhas Nagar, Maharashtra.

62. Nehru Bridge on the river Mandvi, Panaji, Goa

63. Nehru Nagar Ghaziabad

64. Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Dharmatala, Kolkata

65. Nehru Road, Guwahati

66. Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur

67. Nehru Vihar Colony, Kalyanpur, Lucknow

68. Nehru Nagar, Patna

69. Jawaharlal Nehru Street, Pondicherry

70. Nehru Bazaar, Madanapalli, Tirupathi

71. Nehru Chowk, Bilaspur. MP

72. Nehru Street, Ponmalaipatti, Tiruchirapalli

73. Nehru Nagar, S.M. Road, Ahmedabad

74. Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad

75. Rajiv Gandhi Zoological park (Zoo), Pune

76. Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjewadi, Pune.

77. Nehru Nagar, Nashik Pune. Road.                                                And many more.

Additionally, there are 100+ state and central government schemes named after Nehru-Indira-Rajiv.

So, if you don't vote for congress you won't be able to see India named with Rahul Gandhi. It would be because of you that the old Indian tradition of naming everything Gandhi would end. That would be a sin! So it's your national duty to vote for Congress.

Edit 1:

Based on requests in comments, here we have list of things named after Sanjay Gandhi.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai.

Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, New Delhi.

Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Science, Lucknow.

Sanjay Gandhi Animal care center, New Delhi.

Sanjay Gandhi Institute if Trauma and Orthopaedics (SGITO), Bangalore.

Sanjay Gandhi Hospital, Jayanagar, Bangalore.

Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Rewa, MP.

Sanjay Gandhi Award in Environment and Ecology

Sanjay Gandhi institute of dairy technology, Patna.

Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park , Patna.

Sanjay Gandhi Polytechnic college, Bellary

Sanjay Gandhi Polytechnic college, Jagadish pur, Amethi

Sanjay Gandhi College of Education, Bangalore.

Sanjay Gandhi College of Nursing, Bangalore.

Sanjay Gandhi memorial College, Ranchi.

Sanjay Gandhi Mahila College, Gaya

Sanjay Gandhi Govt. Autonomous PG College, Sidhi, MP.

Sanjay Gandhi College, Shimla.

Sanjay Gandhi College of Nursing,Sultanpur, Delhi.

Sanjay Gandhi College and Research center, Vidhisha, MP.

Sanjay Gandhi BEd College, Vidhisha, MP.

Sanjay Gandhi Sarvodaya Science College, jabalpur.

Sanjay Gandhi Inter college, Saran, Bihar.

Sanjay Gandhi College of Law, Jaipur.

Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Government polytechnic College, Hyderabad.

Sanjay Gandhi PG College, Sururpur, Meerut, UP.

Sanjay Gandhi Stadium, Patna.

Sanjay Gandhi Stadium, Narsingharh, MP.

Sanjay Gandhi Market, Jalandhar.

Sanjay Gandhi Transport nagar, Delhi.

And, a single statue of Patel, another Congressman, has become indigestible to them & their Chelas! What a shameless act!! Hell with these people..

                                                                 *Please share this and let the country know the massive*

*Misuse of power by the Congress in favour of the Gandhi-Nehru family.*

Saturday, 13 February 2021

 आखिर क्या है, किसान विरुद्ध?

आखिर क्या है,

बाध्यताएं, किसान-विरुद्ध,

नए किसान कानूनों में,

जिससे तथाकथित, मैं दुहरा दूं, तथाकथित,

किसान आंदोलित हैं?

वैकल्पिक कानून?

प्रधान मंत्री नें इसे वैकल्पिक कानून बताया। उन्हें बताना पड़ा, यही आश्चर्य की बात है। यानी ,जो स्वयं स्पष्ट है,वो भी बताना पड़े, वो भी संसद के पटल से, प्रधान मंत्री को? और बाबजूद इसके, टी वी डिबेट में, संदीप चौधरी जैसे न्यूज़ 24 के एंकर की भौंहें तने, कि पहली बार सुना कि कानून वैकल्पिक भी हो सकता है।

अफसोस, देश बेवकूफों की कैसी जमात को झेल रहा है।

विकल्प का सार।

पराली मामले में सहमती के बाद, किसी एक प्रावधान का  उल्लेख करें, जिसमें किसानों के लिए किसी भी प्रकार की कैसी भी बाध्यता हो।

कोई बाध्यता किसी के लिए है, तो वो किसान के पक्ष में और दूसरे पक्ष (जो किसान नहीं) के लिए है। और सारा विकल्प किसानों के पक्ष में है।

कॉन्ट्रैक्ट फमिंग।

कहते हैं कॉन्ट्रैक्ट फार्मिंग किसान विरोधी है।

 ऐसा क्या? 

तो कानून तो किसान को कॉन्ट्रैक्ट करने के लिए बाध्य नहीं करता, मात्र विकल्प देता।

 इसे सब समझते हैं, बेवकूफों और षड्यंत्रकारियों या आंदोलन जीवियों के सिवा।

भंडारण सीमा।

कहते हैं भंडारण सीमा की बाध्यता जमाखोरों के लिए वरदान साबित होगा, किसानों के लिए अभिशाप। अभिशाप क्यों भाई? बेचना यदि किसान का परमाधिकार है तो फिर खरीदार चाहे जमाखोर हो या मुफ्तखोर, निर्भर तो किसान पर  करता है कि बेचने के विकल्प का प्रयोग वो करता है या नहीं। यदि खरीदार पक्ष पर भंडारण की बाध्यता लगा दी जाय तो प्रभावित डिमांड होगा यानी बाजार भाव गिरेगा जो किसान विरोधी हुआ। भंडारण सीमा का हटना यानी डिमाण्ड में वृद्धि, यानी अधिक भाव जो किसान के पक्ष में है। फिर भी, बेचना या नहीं बेचना, किसान का विकल्प है, खरीदार का नहीं।

कानूनों में सारे प्रावधान, किसान को विकल्प देते हैं, फिर भी बेवकूफों और शातिरों का सवाल खड़ा है, कि इन कानूनों को वैकल्पिक क्यों बताया प्रधान मंत्री ने।

न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य।

बेवकूफ यह भी मांग कर रहे हैं कि न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य को कानूनी जामा पहनाया जाय। 

यानी, न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य के नीचे की ख़रीदगी कानूनन अपराध!

वाह भई।

में खरीदार, किसान विक्रेता।

न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य 2,000/-. 

बाजार भाव 1,500/-.

मुझे 2,000/- में नहीं खरीदना। विक्रेता 1,500/- में बेचने को तैयार।

अब क्या होगा?

किसान का माल किसान के घर, खरीदार अपने घर। आखिर व्यापारी किसी और भी सामग्री की खरीद बिक्री में इन्वेस्ट करने का जब विकल्प रखता है तो वो न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य संबंधित बाध्यता के पचड़े में क्यों पड़ेगा? फलस्वरूप किसानों को ही वैसे प्रावधानों से पीछा छुड़ाने की मशक्कत करनी पड़ेगी।

वैसे, न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य, इन कानूनों से सरासर भिन्न मुद्दा है। इन कानूनों से इसका कोई लेना देना है नहीं। सरकारी स्पष्टीकरण के बाबजूद यदि आंदोलनकारियों के लिए यह एक मुद्दा है तो रहे, किन्तु कृषि कानूनों से अलग। ये कानून रहें या जाएं, न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य का मुद्दा जहाँ का तहाँ बना रहेगा। अतः इसका कृषि कानूनों से जोड़ा जाना, एक छलावा मात्र है।

Wednesday, 3 February 2021

 Those infected by the virus called Nehru-Indira-Congress-Left,

 will never fathom the fact

 that nationalised institutions they created,

 have proved to be incorrigible parasites 

that ate up nation's wealth and growth prospects. 

It's reversal,as revealed by the Union Budget, 

 is a bold and welcome move ,

which is difficult to be digested by fools, whereas the wisest impact is registered by the share market which  fools  fear to tread, 

But if they dare,

get as impoverished as Nehru down the line,

impoverished the nation.

Saturday, 26 December 2020

 Hindutva, Hinduism and the Hindu.

The term Hindutva is a recent innovation and so is the term Hindu which is said to have got coined due to mis-pronounciation of the name of the river Sindhu that underwent a phonetic metamorphosis to become Indu, whereas the dwellers owing origin along its course were called Hindus.
Notwithstanding the historical veracity of the above analogy, neither the term Hindu nor its derivative, Hindutva, has any direct bearing on the scores of belief systems which the race called Hindus followed. For instance, a joint Hindu Family is not governed by two different schools of law, namely the Mitakshara School of Hindu Law and the Dayabhaga School of Hindu Law.

Both these schools still have varying legal mandates .

Each still holds the field and both co-exists, without influencing either despite being diametrically distinguishable.
Suffice it to say that an un-legislated legal system subsisted, better say it still subsists, that all through carried the force of law even without any sovereign's backing. It needs to be appreciated that the legislated laws today exist in such volumes which even the legal professionals might fail to faultlessly enlist without the aid of an in-depth research. Thereby, it would be too much to expect of a common man to be aware of it, much less compliant thereof. Non compliance or disobedience as a result of ignorance is one aspect, express violation is another. The unbearable pendency of litigations which is mounting each moment with greater intensity than its disposal, is a material point of reference. This reference is expedient in evaluating the fact that the ancient legal system known today as the Hindu Law, has stood the test of time without state support, rather say, despite state interference.
These lines are not meant to glorify a system, rather to drive home a rather inconspicuous and thus overlooked and misconceived idea regarding the term 

Dharma as being anything akin to that genre of belief system which is founded on the term religion.
Dharma , in its pure and simple import, is the law that regulate the Karma or human deeds. In that sense, Dharma is the law of Karma. The wholephilosophy of the law of Karma is encoded in the volumes of scriptures, Srimad Bhagwat Gita being one. The Dharma or the thus codified principles of the law of Karma  is not derived from one single source or entity, but from a stream which is more vast and perennial that any stream, river or ocean, which has a name called the Sanatan Dharma, though it has been lost sight of in the glare of the conflicting politics built in the recent times over its recently coined by-name Hinduism, Hinduva, and like things, as though a perennial law of Karma can be incarcerated within such limits as religions.